Amelanchier canadensis

Plant Name Shadbush/Juneberry
Scientific name Amelanchier canadensis
Family Rosaceae
Location Wet sites, bogs, swamps
Flowering Period April-May
Identifying Characteristics shrub/tree about 0.5–8 m tall
Common Names  Serviceberry, Shadbush
Family  Rosaceae
Vegetative Zone  Thicket
Plant Status
Life Span
Height
Flowering Period
Fruiting Period
Distribution
Identifying Characteristics

Description

  • Deciduous shrub or small tree
  • Grows 0.5–8 m tall
  • Leaves are:
    • Alternate, simple, ovate to ovate-oblong
    • Serrated margin
    • 1–5.5 cm long and 1.8–2.8 cm broad
    • Light to dark green, matte
    • Change to orange-red in fall
  • Has white flowers:
    • 5 white petals
    • Each raceme has four to ten flowers
    • Slightly fragrant
    • Blooms in early spring (April to May)
    • Fertilizes in early summer
    • Fruit is a pome, 7–10 mm diameter
    • Fruit is round, green berry; turn dark purple when ripe
    • Fruit is edible and sweet when ripe
  • Bark is:
    • gray-silver bark
    • striped
    • glabrous, young stems
    • small lenticels
    • imbricate buds, conical in shape
    • buds are reddish purple

Misc

  • Habitat:
    • Wet sites, bogs, and swamps
    • Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil
    • Likes full sun to part shade
    • Tolerant of a wide range of soils
    • Eastern North America; from Maine south to Alabama
  • Interesting Facts:
    • Edible berries resemble blueberries in size and color and are used in jams, jellies and pies
    • Native Americans used the wood for arrow shafts
    • Members of the Pit River Tribe would use the wood to create a sort of body armor, the wood was made into a heavy robe or overcoat and corset armor and used for fighting
  • Medicinal Uses

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