Juniperus virginiana

 

Photo Courtesy of K. Hubeny

Common Name(s) Red Cedar, Juniper
Scientific Name Juniperus virginiana
Family Cupressaceae
Location/Vegetative Zone Thicket, Maritime Forest
Flowering Period March-May
Identifying Characteristics Evergreen with fragrant, scaly leaves in shades of green

Description

  • Scale-like leaves
  • Pungent, light blue berry-like cones
  • Could be as high as 60ft with spire-like canopy
  • Plant emits fragrance
  • In areas with salt spray, trunks contort and copy flattens

Medicinal/Edible Uses

  • Berries
    • Can be made into a tea to stop vomiting
  • Leaves
    • Applied topically to control bleeding

Cultural Uses

  • Sold as a type of Christmas tree
  • Ornamental
  • Lumber used to make furniture
  • Wood was once used to make pencils, but has been replaced with cheaper material
  • In Native American folklore, cedarwood brought luck and good fortune

Misc

  • Serves as cover and nesting site
  • Songbirds feed upon cones
  • The pungent aroma can serve as an insect repellant

 

Location

Sources

“All About the Eastern Red Cedar”. National Gardening Association. National Gardening Association. November 23, 2011. Web.

“Eastern Red Cedar”. Natural Resources Conservation Service Plant Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Web.

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