Phragmites australis

Plant Name Common Reed
Scientific name Phragmites australis
Family Poaceae
Location Primary Dunes
Flowering Period July to September
Identifying Characteristics Grows 2-6 meters high, brown or purple feathery foliage



  • Grows 2-6 meters high
  • It grows in extensive beds as wide as 1 kilometer
  • The leaves are numerous, long and pointed, reaching 20-50 cm in length


  • Perennial grass with brown or purple feathery foliage
  • Leaves are brown and the flowers are a dense, dark purple



  • Used in many areas for thatching roofs
  • It can be fashioned into an Iranian flute-like instrument called the Ney
  • Can be ground into a powder, moistened and roasted like marshmallows
  • It can be used to make baskets, mats and paper

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